Source: Traditional, collected by Sibyl Clark from Edith Palmer in Northamptonshire; published in English Dance & Song, October November 1954. Vol XIX. No. 2
Formation: Mescolanze (Four Facing Four - #1s are facing down the hall) or Double Sicilian Circle (#1s are facing AC)
||Lines Go Forward & Back x2
Middle Four: Star Right; Star Left WHILE
Ends Swing with Opposite - spring back into your own line
Take Ballroom Hold with Partner and face the couple in your own line:
Gallop across the Set (Men passing back to back); Gallop Back (Ladies passing back to back)
||Lines go Forward & Back; #1s Arch - Pass Through to the next line
There are numerous tunes named "The Tempest", but any 32 bar tune will do.
This article was published as part of Keith Uttley's "TEEN-A-PAGE… for younger sets"
The original dance was a popular European dance called "La Tempête". When it came to England some people translated it to "The Tempest"; others appear to have thought they heard "Tom Pate" and named the dance so! Hugh Rippon went one step further and, after devising a dance in the same formation in 1972, named his new dance "Fred Pate" after Tom Pate's brother!
The earliest reference that I have found is 1802. As was common in those days, if a tune or concept was popular then many sequences of moves were set to it. Here are examples of many different Tempests in the Four Facing Four Formation:
There are common elements throughout, with slips evolving into gallops, and turns into swings, in the English 20th century versions.
One of the earliest English references is Joseph Binns Hart "2nd Set of Quadrilles" 1818 to 1820 - more information is at RegencyDances.org.
The Community Dances Manual published the version above as "Tom Pate" and another version from Wiltshire under the name "The Tempest". That version changes A1 to All Circle Left/Right, switches A2 and B1 around, has the end couples balancing (twice in the 1952 CDM) before they swing, and adds clapping before the final Pass Through.
The American dance "The Tempest" is also for sets of four couples down the hall, however it is a completely different dance, in a different formation, with the #1s still in a Line of Four, but the #2s on each side as in a square. There is lots more information about the American version, going back to 1858, in "Cracking Chestnuts" and here; you can see it being danced here.
Original page from English Dance & Song, October November 1954
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