Source: Playford; published in English Dance & Song, Autumn/Winter 1983 Volume 45 Number 3
Formation: Two Couples, though the original Playford wording says "For four, or eight" dancers.
Cuckolds All A Row starts at 3:23.
In The Diary of Samuel Pepys for Wednesday 31 December 1662 Pepys describes King Charles II dancing this dance.
"Then to country dances; the King leading the first, which he called for; which was, says he, "Cuckolds all awry," the old dance of England." (Since a number of the men were dancing with their mistresses, the "old dance" may not just refer to dancing!)
Most of the instructions are reasonably clear, and most interpretations are identical, apart from the first chorus which says, "Turn back to back with the co. we. faces again". Cecil Sharp invented a figure that he called WHOLE-GIP FACING OUTWARD; you can see him attempting to perform it in the video above. Many people are dubious about this interpretation of the figure. You can read my analysis of it here. There is an interesting version of the dance performed here by the Newcastle Country Dancers. When I just instruct beginners to "turn back to back", without any further clarification, that is what most of them will do (though not necessarily with the bumping of backsides!).
The Round has published Cecil Sharp's interpretation; check the note at the bottom of the page and you will see that they no longer use Sharp's move either.
You will also notice that Cecil Sharp renamed the dance as "Hey, Boys, Up We Go", presumably because he thought his Victorian readers would not appreciate the original title. (To modern sensibilities the new title could also be miscounstrued!) Hey-boys up go we is a completely different Playford dance!
The next instruction in the original wording is "go about the co. we. not turning your faces". While most people interpret this as a Whole Gyp, I believe that it was intended to be a back to back.
That is all background information. The wonderful thing is that we can see Sharp and his friends dancing it back in circa 1912. This is all thanks to Mike Heaney. His article from English Dance & Song is shown below. Mike also very kindly provided these other two documents that give even more background information:
One of the challenges with old "video" material like this is knowing what speed they were actually dancing at; the machine was hand-cranked and therefore potentially variable in speed. You can find details of how Mike analysed the speed in the articles. The clip of Cuckolds appears to be being danced at about 153 bpm; adjusting it for the change from 10.6 to 12 fps which Mike made, that would suggest that they were actually dancing at around 136 bpm which seems a much more reasonable speed.
Just as a point of comparison, but maybe completely irrelevant, a similar dance from the 1920s, The Old Mole, at 4:02 in this video appears to be at about 142 bpm. And in 1929, in Gathering Peascods, at 5:35 in this video the dancing is at about 140 bpm. Of course there is no guarantee that those speed are correct either, but it would seem that the dancers in the early part of the 20th century danced significantly faster than most people do today.