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Lovelace Manuscript - Pattricke Manuscript


Bobbin Jone The Boone Companion The Cherping of the Nigh…The Cherping of the Nightingall Cuckles all a row The Fryer and the Nunne The Gipsys The Goddisses Good Your Worship Grayes Inn Maske GreenwoodHarts EaseA Helth to BettyThe Highway to WestminsterJack PuddingJogg OnLadyes PillerLightly LoveA Mayden fayreThe Milking PayleMoll PeatleyMurryNatlyNoah's FloodThe Old Man with a Bed f…The Old Man with a Bed full of bonesThe Picking of StickesRoses white, and roses redSt. JohnsStep StatelyTenn PoundeTom a BedlamTrenchmoreThe Tumbling of JoneThe Winde Mille

This untitled, hand-written document is in the Houghton Library at Harvard University, filed as MS Eng. 1356. As well as a shopping list and some poems, it contains 32 dances which appear to have been written down in these pages between 1621 and 1649. There is a reference to a ballad that was written in 1621, and some of the poems that appear after the dances were published in 1649.

It is not clear who the author was, as there are numerous names and different handwriting styles within the document. It may have been Lovelace or Pattricke or someone else.

22 of the dances are related to dances published by Playford, but in this document the dances descriptions are less rigid, provide optional variations, and include style tips that provide great insight into how they were danced.

Examples include "he shall leade up the 4th woman as fast as he can", "if you please, you may turne her arme over her head, and salute her, if you like your mate" "every man shall turne his mayde as long as he please...turne all againe soundly...then all men and woemen turne round as before as fast as they can", "the first man shall take his woeman by both hands and shall leade her down side long, allmost to ye bottome, very quickly".

Optional twirls? Fast swings? Galloping down the set? This may not be the 17th Century style that you are familiar with from Playford!

Useful Links:

Scan of the original document.

The Lovelace Manuscript - A Preliminary Study by Carol G Marsh.

The Pattricke Manuscript - a new (old) way to do English Country Dances by Arglwydd Daffydd Cyhoeddwr.

Daffyds's transcription of the manuscript.

Daffyds's interpretations of the dances.

Thanks to Dafydd Cyhoeddwr for his great Web pages! This page is an attempt to make Daffyd's transcription easier to read; it takes his “Readable” column and updates it with his notes from the other columns.  Please refer to the links above for clarification of anything below (for example whether bracketed items are from the original or from Dafydd or from me). Please send updates and improvements for this page to John Sweeney.

Spelling was not consistent, so I have included the variations of the titles. Each title links to the original manuscript page.

Many thanks to Colin Hume for converting my Word document into this Web page.

Moll Peatley       

1. Moll Peatley (Moll Peatlye) for only 8 — Longways — Playford: from 4th edition to 10th edition

You must first lead up twice, and then the first man, and last man set to theire owne woemen, and then to theire next; (as with the first man to the 2 woemen; and the last man to the 3rd woeman,) and then the first man dances the Heyes with the 2 lowest woemen, and the lowest man with the 2 uppermost woemen; and then the first man shall be last, and the last first, and then (by?) setting againe, and dancing the Hay, theye shall come both backe againe in their owne places:

And then all sides twice; and then the first, and last woeman doing as the men did aforesayd, that after having set to 1 and 3 at both ends, then dance that hay above, and below, at both ends as afforesayd, and then back again, like as the men have d(xxx) before, them, (like as the last men have before xxx), did dance the hey with the 2 up xxx irst woemmen, set the last woemen or foremost man xx (shall?) xxxxxxxxxxxxx the latter:

All doe arme, or halfe turne, and then the man doe like as he did att first, and soe on as you please:

Noahs Flood       

2. Noahs flood only for 8 — Longways — Playford: none.

You must first leade up twice, and then stand still, till the first hath sett to his mate, and then the 2nd man shall turn round his mate, and then the third man like unto the first, and the 4 like unto the 2nd; and then the first man goeth downe to the lower end, congeeing first to his owne, then to the 2nd and then to the third, and then comeing to the fourth, he turnes her rou(nd?) and salutes her (if he pleases); and (he?) leades her upward softly; and then come to the top, he turneth her round other way, and salutes her on the other (cheek?) They leade up all agayne, the woemen all wayes slyding downeward, as often as he doesh fetch them up, and soe he must doe the same until he hath fetcht up h(is?) owne woeman agayne, and then fall of, and if you think so fitt, you may proceed

Tenn Pounde       

3. Tenn Pounde the more the merryerre — Longways — Playford version: from 4th edition to 16th edition.

Leade up all twice, and after leading (up?) fall downe presently into the midle of all the rest, with your lady hand in hand, and then round softly (or as you please) hand in hand, and they then

This page suddenly goes blank, not like it was erased, but like it was covered as it was being written on. Thus, the key chorus instructions simply do not exist.

Sides all, and the same agayne, and soe the 3rd time, and if you please each doe his part;

The Milking Payle       

4. The milking Payle for 6: or 8. — Longways — Playford: none.

Lead up, and set, that againe, and then all the woemen standing still, the man sett each to his mayde, and then having sett, the women dance the Hay till the end of the tune, and then the woemen being in their places shall sett to their men, they standing still after they have sett, the men daunced the Hay as affore sayd;

Sides all, and sett, that againe, and the(?) (fold) the men standing still ?he woemen sett first, and then the men daunce the Hay first, like as the women did before, and then the men sett as before sayd, and then the woemen daunce the Hay;

Halfe turne, and set; that agayne, and then like as before;

The Highway to Westminster       

5. The highway to Westminster — only for 8 — Longways — Playford: none.

Leade up and sett, once more, then every man sett to his mayde; and then to his next fellow, and the maydes to theires; (like as the (2?) first men; and the 2 last men, the 2 first woemen, and the 2 last woemen) and then every (man) turne his mayd; then the last part of the tune is to be played agayne, and then that which was done last, must now be done fir(st?) let the 2 men, and the 2 women set together as before, and then set agayne all to (the) woemen, and then turne, men (the 2 firs(t?) and the 2 last men, the 2 first woemen, and the 2 last;) and after those 2 passes you must congee three times, and goe backwards; and the men and maydes chainge places, and then having congeed three times agayne in going backwards, you must chainge places againe, and soe you are all as you were at first.

Sides and sett, that agayne; and then you must dance just the contrary to that part before sayd, (first to the man and then to the woemen, and then turne the man, and then first to the woemen, and then to the man, and then Congee; and chainge places twice, as before sayd till you are in your own places;

In one word you shall dance the same, as was danced first (over?) agayne; but note, that all parts of the tune be played twice;

Ladyes Piller       

6. Ladyes Piller — for as many as you please — Longways — Playford: from 1st to 8th editions

Leade up, and sett once, or twice; after that, all men come downwards and woem(en?) goe upwards, soe as they stood before in length of the roome, they shall stand then in the breadth, or overbreast the roome; and then having slid upwards, soe as before sayd, they shall all sett once, and after that; they shall chainge places and then set againe, an(d?) then he that leades the dance, shal(l?) take his woeman by the left hand, leade her threw all the rest t?? (up=?) ward, all the rest following ??? shall leade about soe into (their?) right places;

Then sides all twice, and sett twice and then, the woemen come upwards, and the men doe goe downwards, contrary to that afforesad, and then chainge places againe as before, and then sett; then the woeman takes the man by the right hand, and leads him toward the right, and all following, and soe they shall come into their places agayne;

Doe the first over agayne.

The Cherping of the Nightingall       

7.The cherping of the Nightingall (The chirping of the nightingale), for 6: or 8 - Longways — Playford: from 1st edition to 8th edition.

Leade up twice, and sett twice, then all the rest standing still the first man doesh set to his owne woman, and then turneth the third, and then the 4: and if there be but six, then having sett to the 2 first woemen, he shall turne the third, and leade her up softly to top, & there turne her agayne, and then leade up againe, but if 8 as above sayd, he shall leade up the 4th woman as fast as he can and then leade up agayne, and sett 2 times, and soe sett to the 2 first, and turne the other, or to the 2 last if there be 4: and that soe oft till he comes to his place againe, and then leade of, and the rest may doe the like if they please

The Winde Mille       

8. The Winde Mille for 8 onely — Square — Playford: none.

Leade up twice, then the first man shall crosse downwards, in the midle, and change places with the last woeman, and then the last man shall chainge places just soe with the first woman, after that the 4 that are in ye middle, shall take right hands, and runne round, and then backe agayne, and then the afforesayd last man being at the top shall fall downe agayne as before, with the first woeman, and soe the other into their places;

The same backwards; after sides, the last man, and the first woman shall change, and then as before the first man, and the last woeman, and then the foure midlemost rune rounde as before

Doe the first part agayne, and if you please, each doe his part;

The Gipsys       

9. The Gipsys (The Gipsyes) for 6: or 8: — Longways — Playford: The Spanish Jeepsie, from 1st to 18th edition.

Leade up, downe agayne, then they all turne theire backes, both men, and woemen, towards one another, and then turne themselves as they were before, all their faces together, then every man goeth round his woman, then backe agayne, not turning of her, but only goeing round her, this being done, the first man, and the last woeman, (all the rest standing still) doe turne theire right sides together, and then their left sides, and then they sett their backes together, and then theire faces, and then the man goesh round like her at first, and then go backe agayne, and soe each in his place then the last man, and the first woeman doe the same;

You shall allmost do the very same only after sides and backes going round like as before, then the first woman, and then the last man shall begine, and doe the same, as that the last woman, and the first man did before, and then the first man, and the last woeman shall doe it after them, like as before described;

Doe the same, as you did att first, over agayne, and then leade of, and let others proceede if they please;

The Goddisses       

10. The Goddisses for 10: or more - Longways — Playford: from 1st edition to 16th edition.

Leade up twice, and then breake of, and fall downe, to the bottome, all ye rest following, goeing soe as they stand, and then meeting att ye bottom, breake of againe and come to theire places;

All the men shall follow each other, the first man leading of them about the woemen, till they come to the last and then they shall goe backe againe into theire places, and then falle backe like before to the bottome, and then then to theire places agayne, the woemen must doe the same

The men shall begaine againe, and goe round againe halfe way, and there make a little stand, and then goe forwards quite, all following him, and soe come into theire places, and then cast of and come upwards agayne, like as before

The men shall dance the Hay backwards and forewards, the women standing still, till they come to their owne places, and then cast off againe both men and woemen, as before;

All ye men shall take hands, and dance round and backe againe, till they come into their places, and then cast off, as before;

The men take hands backwards, and doe like as before running rounde backwards, and forewards, and casting off, as before;

Note that after every one of the mens parts the woemen doe the same;

Lightly Love       

11. Lightly Love, as many as you please - Longways — Playford: none.

Leade up twice, and set twice, then all the rest standing still the first man shall sett to the last woman the last man shall doe the like to the same woeman, being his owne woeman, and all what the first man shall doe, the last man shall do the like, as having both sette once, the first man shall doe the like againe, and the last alsoe, the first man turne her, the last the same, the first man set to her agayne; the last the same; then the first man shall turn her about agayne, and carry her upp to the toppe place; and there leade up agayne, and sett as before, then the woemen sliding downe, he shall goe on like as before, till all the woemen come to theire places;

There is nothing but all the same till every man shall have done all the woemen rounde, like as is before sayd, only if he please, he may at some setting, or turning salute the lady, that he dances with, (if he like her,) as at the first setting, and the first turning, but if he doe soe, the last man must doe the same;

All the same as long as you please

Trenchmore       

13. Trenchmore as many as you please - Longways — Playford: from 2nd to 18th editions

Leade up twice; & sett twice; then every man shall turne his mayde as long as he please, on way, and then backe agayine, the other way, Then stand all still, but the first, man, and woeman, and then the first man shall set to the 2 man, and his woeman shall follow him, and then his woeman shall turne backe agayne; and he shall follow her, and then sett to the third man, she follow him, and then turne backe, and follow her, and soe all round, both the men and woemen, and as he set to any man, and woeman, they shall follow him, and as soone as he hath sett, she shall turne backe aga(ine?) and he follow her, and after he hath all, after this fashion, then all the men shall face their maydes, and dance round with them, first the one way and then the other way, and then if you please, the woemen shall doe the same, the men did before;

Having soundly turned both ways, every man, with his woeman, the first man shall turne the 2nd man, his owne woeman standing by, he shall turne her, and then the next man, and then his owne woeman, and then the 3rd, and then his owne, soe all round like before, as soone as having turned any of them, he shall turne his owne woeman, and soe followe each other, and then all men and woemen turne round as before as fast as they can, then the woemen doe first like the man, and turne all againe soundly;

They shall weave apace bethwene the man, and woeman, one on the one side, and the other on the other, and having weaved downe to the bottome they alone shall turne, and then weave up agayne to theire places, and turne both forewards, and backwards;

The Old Man with a Bed full of bones       

13. The Old Man with a Bed full of bones for 6: or 8 - Longways — Playford: from 1st edition to 18th edition.

Leade up once, & sett once, then that agayne, then the first man shall take his woeman by both hands and shall leade her down side long, allmost to ye bottome, very quickly, and then half way up agayne, and then leade her downe agayne; and turne her quite round, and leave her there, and then take up that woeman, in her steade, that was last before, after the same manner, that he carryed down the other; and then the last man shall bring up that woeman, and fetch downe his owne, just after the same manner, as it was done before, and doe you are all in your places;

Sides all 2, and sett twice, then the last man shall begin, and leade up his woeman to the top, and fetch downe the other as before was done, and then the first man shall carry her downe agayne, and fetch up his owne, all after the same manor just as it was done before;

Doe the first part over agayne, after halfe tune, just like as is described before, only at this, if you please, you may turne her arme over her head, and salute her, if you like your mate, when you turne her above, and below;

Tune: Cooke laurrel would needes have the divill his guest (text of ballad from 1621 provided in notes)

A Mayden fayre       

14. A Mayden fayre; for 6: or 8- Longways — Playford: Once I Loved a Maiden Fair, or just Maiden Fair, from 1st edition to 10th edition.

Leade up twice, and sett twice, then the first man shall sett to the 2nd woman and fall backe agayne, then the first woeman, and 2nd man the like, then the first man, and 2nd woeman shall change places, the first woeman, and second man the like; then the man that was first, shall be in the place, of the 2nd woeman, and shall sett to the 3rd man, and soe thus they shall sett acrosse to each other, and chainge places, like afore; until they come all backe agayne to their owne places;

The 2 first couple shall leade up unto each other, the rest standing still, twice; and backe agayne, then the 2nd couple shall passe through the first, and the first shall goe upwards presently, and pass through them agayne; and come downwards on the out side of them, and then turne before them, and then come below them and after the same manner go on to the rest, until all shall come to theire owne places

Like before, the 2 first couple, shall meete agayne twice, and fall backe twice, then all 4 joyne hands untill the 2nd couple be upmost, and the first couple in the 2nds place, and then eache man turns his woeman, and then lead on iunto the rest, and so until all come unto their places;

Cuckles all a row       

15. Cuckles all a row (Cuckles all a rowe, Cuckolls all a row) for 4 - In a Square — Playford: from 1st edition to 18th edition.

Both couple shall stand 4 square, and leade up to one another, and downe agayne twice; then each man shall goe round about his owne woeman, then the last parte of the tune is to be playd againe, after that he hath gone round about his owne woman, first, and then about the woman, that is opposite against him, and then hee shall goe round the woeman that was opposite to him first, and his own last;

Sides all twice, first with his owne woeman, and then with her, that is opposite to him, then the 2 men shall change places, the woemen also allmost at the same time, then joyne all hands, and goe round, till you come to your places, then the woemen shall crosse over first; and then the men and joyne hands like before, and turne round the other way till you come to your places

Armes all twice, once with your owne woemen, and once with the other, but if you please you shall armes with your owne last, then each man shall take the woeman, that is right over against him, and the one shall draw her upwards and the other downwards; and presently draw them againe close together in theire places holding hands; then one couple shall pass through the other, first and then presently the other shall passe through, then the last part of the tune being played againe, they shall draw them contrary to that as they did before like as he that drawes his woeman upward before, shall now draw her downward, and the other upward, and then passe through agayne, contrary to what was done before

Tom a Bedlam, or Grayes Inn Maske       

16. Tom a Bedlam, or Grayes Inn Maske, (Grays=Inne Maske) for 2, or more - Longways — Playford: from 1st edition to 10th edition through various names.

Leade up once, and downe agayne, and then cast of all, downe to the other end and then leade up all agayne that way, and downe againe all into your places;

The men shall take each his woeman, by both hands, and set them all in a straight line, the man standing all above the woeman, and then backe into their places againe, like as they stood at first All the woemen shall stand still, and all the men shall sett each to his woeman, and then they standing still the woemen shall set to them;

All the men shall congee each to to his woeman, and salute her she standing still, and then the woemen shall do the like unto him;

The men shall turn each his woemen once forward, and once backward;

Both men and woemen shall fall of backewards, and leade round three times before they come to the bottome, and the same back againe, till they come to the toppe after the same maner all in your places;

Sides all once at the top, and then fall downe, and sides all at the end, and then fall backe unto your places, and then doe all the same over gayne, only what, the men did first soe fore the woemen shall doe itt first now, like as the man dide sett first before, the woemen shall now first, and then the woeman salute first before the man, and soe all the same, only the woemen shall doe first that which the man did before;

Armes all once at the top, and once att the bottome, like before at leading up and all setting, then doe the first over againe, only the men and woemen shall salute this time both together, and as they did sett before singly, they shall now sett both men, and woemen together, and after they shall have done all those six parts, after siding, and turning, they may leade downe, and if they please the rest may doe the like, every couple of them;

St. Johns       

17. St. Johns (St Johnes) only for 8 - Square — Playford: from 1st edition to 18th edition.

They shall stand in a square 4: Then the couple that leade the dance, shall goe round about, between the couple that he standeth next unto; and not holding handes but letting goe, for the man shall goe about the woeman, that is next unto him, and the woeman that is next to her, on the other side, then the couple that is over against the couple that leade shall doe the like on theire sides, then the two other couple the like and after the other, each on his side after the same manner, then the couple that leades the dance, and the couple over against shall dance the hays till both couple shall come to theire places, Then the other couple shall doe the same;

They shall stand in their posture; and the couple that leade the dance shall goe through the midle of the foure that stand in a line, whilst the couple over against parts, and goes through the sides, into the 1 couples place, and then come backe againe through the midle, and the first couple shall goe backe through the sides into their places, and then presently shall they slide all 4 in a rond like the others were, and then the other 4 shall doe the same, like as it is written before, and then going being all againe in their places the couple that leades shall change places with the couple over against them, that is first the man, with the man, and the woeman across with the woeman, and then all 4 joyne hands and turne round into their places, and then ye other 4 that stood still shall doe the same;

All the men at once shall falle of towards the left hand, and shall turne round, and come in the other side of his woeman, every man soe, and then the woemen shall fall of also, and come to theire men on the right side, then the men the like againe, and the woemen the like againe, and then the 2 couple that leade, shall sett to each other, and fall backe, and then joyne hands, and turne round into their places, then the other couple sett, and doe the same, and soe all in their places

The Boone Companion       

18. The Boone Companion: 6: or 8: - Longways — Playford: none.

Leade up once and downe agayne, Then the man shall leade his woeman through the rest and there turne her round, and then leade up that way once, and then leade her backe againe to her place the same way, then each man shall sett to his woeman, and fall backe, and then goe round his woeman, then the woemen shall sett, and doe the like;

Sides all once, then the first couple shall dance downe the bottome againe, and then sides all againe, and then come up through the midle to the top, like as was done before

This dance seems to be incomplete — the instructions stop at the end of the second verse. But, unlike Tenn Pounde, the last line of those instructions are at the very bottom of the page. Further, this page and the next — 37 — face each other, so it would be virtually impossible that the author simply forgot that he had not finished describing this dance before continuing on to Step Stately.

Step Stately       

19. Step Stately, for only :6: - Longways — Playford: from 4th edition to 10th edition.

Leade up, and downe agayne then the man and woeman slip between each other, the man above the woeman then the first man shall leade soe round about to the bottome holding the other man by the hand and his woeman doeing the like at the same time, then they all shall leade upwards, in the shape of an halfe moone, and downe againe then the 3 woemen quitting of the 3 men shall slide upwards towards the right hand, and the men towards the left, and soe they are all in their places;

The first couple shall leade upwards, and the second downwards, the last couple standing still, and then turne about, and leade each to other, and then take hands, and goe rounde

This dance's instructions end on this page, with Picking of Stickes beginning at the top of page 38.

The Picking of Stickes       

20. The Picking of Stickes :6: only; - Longways — Playford: from 1st edition to ?

Leade up twice, and downe 2, then the first man shall change places with the second woeman, and, then with the last man, and then leade up againe as they shall stand, and then the first woeman doe the like, change with the 2 man, and last woeman and leade up againe, and soe chainge, till all come to their places, still leading up after any one hath changed;

Leade up againe like before, and then all the men shall dance the hayes about the woemen, and the last man shall still come about the third woman, and having thus done, the first man shall runne about all the woemen and having thus done, they shall all come into their places, then leade up twice, again and then the woemen shall doe the like;

Leade up againe, and then the two first couple shall take hands, and then shuttell, that is to say, that they should slide through one another as first the second couple slide through the first, and then the first through the second, and in the meane time the other couple shall rune round them both, meting att each end, and having done as long as they please, the second, and the third couple shall shuffle; and the remayning couple shall runne roune like before, and so dance on as long as you please;

Jack Pudding       

21. Jack Pudding (Jacke Pudding) for 6: - Arranged in a shallow triangle, couples 1 and 2 side by side and next to each other (M1, W1, M2, W2 in one line), couple 3 between and behind them — Playford: from 1st edition to 8th edition.

In this posture here at the side you shall leade up, and falle backe twice, and the two lowest(?) shall leade the dance, then the lowermost couple shall quitt hands, and goe up a pace to the top the woemen towards the right hand, and the men towards the left and each on his side shall goe round him, that stands uppermost, and come in betweene them and soe both into their places, and there turne round, then the 2 couple at the top shall joyne hands, and goe round, then backe againe into their places;

In the same posture, every man shall side with his woeman, twice, then the woemen standing still, all the men shall fall backe, and come into the midle, and the 3 hold hands all on high, then the woemen shall goe under their armes every woeman about his ----man, and soe all fall backe into their places, then the woemen doe fall backe, and coming into the midle, and the men goe under them as before;

Armes all every one with his mate standing yett in this posture, like before, then the couple that leade shall goe up to the top apace, and the man shall leade his woeman towards his left hand, higher, then that couple that stands towards the left, and then leade her in betweene them both, and then all 4 joyne hands, and goe round once and that couple being left goe, they shall goe into the place, of the couple, that leade the dance, and then doe the like to the other couple; and put them in the place which is on the left hand, and your selfs on the right, and then the other couple doe the like for his part; doing the very same thing putting himself on the right hand, and the couple that leade the dance on the left, and the other couple at the bottome, and then that couple doe the like, soe that att last they shall come all in theire places in doing after this manner;

Roses white, and roses red       

22. Roses white, and roses red, for as many as you will - In a circle — Playford: from 1st edition to 8th edition.

A rounde dance; If you please leade all into the middle once, then every one turne round his mate, then they shall stand all still except the couple that leade the dance, and that couple shall leade unto the next man holding of hands, then that man shall passe through under hands, and then the man shall turn his woeman about by putting his hand behind her backe, and then leade up unto the mans woeman and then she shall goe through, and then both couple shall turne round, and soe they shall goe round after that same manner, until all come to their places;

You shall leade up againe after the same manner, once unto the next man, and then take hands, and goe round, all thrice, until the man come about you; and then leade up unto his woeman, and then take hands as before, and goe round, and soe goe on after the same manner, until all are as before

You that leade, shall leade up againe unto the same man, just after the same manner, which being done, you three shall dance your hayes, turning your woeman in first, and then being come to her yourselfe, you shall turne her round, and soe goe on to the next, all doing after this manner, until they shall all come to theire places

Harts Ease       

23. Harts ease for only 4: - In a square — Playford: from 1st edition to 8th edition.

Both couple leade towards each other, and backe againe twice, then all fall backewards, and forward, and then each man turne round his woeman and then fall back againe like before, and then you shall turne round the woeman that stands over against you;

After siding twice, and falling backe twice, then turne round all singly, and the woeman you turned last before, you shall turn her first this time, and then falle backe all, and each turne his owne woeman;

Armes all, 2 and then, and then doe the very same, you did before

The Tumbling of Jone       

24. The Tumbling of Jone (Fumbling? Jumbling?):8 - Longways — Playford: none.

Leade up twice, and backe againe twice then the first man take his woeman by the hand, and leade her downward through all the rest, and then cast her of at the bottom, and soe come againe, back to his place, on the outside of all the rest, after that the couple that stand at the bottome shall also cast of and come to the top, one on the one side, and the other, on the other side, and at the top shall take hands, and goe downe to there places, through all the rest;

Sides all twice, and turne round singly, then the last man shall take his woeman by the hand, and leade her up to the top, through the middle, and then cast her of, and goe downe againe to their places on the outside, then the first couple shall cast off and soe goe downe to the bottome, on the outside, and then take hands and come up to the top through the midle;

Armes all and turne round, singly, that againe, then the uppermost singly, then the last man shall take his woeman by the hand, and leade her up to the top, through the middle, and then cast her of, and goe downe againe to their places on the outside, then the first couple shall cast off and soe goe downe to the bottome, on the outside, and then take hands and come up to the top through the midle;

Armes all and turne round, singly, that againe, then the uppermost come downe through the middle, into their places, then againe the last couple; shall come upwards through the middle, and at the same time the first couple shall goe downwards on the outside, and then come through the middle, and then the other couple shall come downewards on the outside;

Now that the latter part of the tune should be playd 2: Then that when they goe downe on the outside, the man shall goe on the mans side, and the woman and hirs; Then that at this last part, both coupls shall dance at the same time

Greenwood       

25. Greenwood (Greenwoode) for 6: only - Lines of three: W M W facing M W M — Playford: from 1st edition to 8th edition.

Let them stand in this posture here over head, and note also that the double prickes stand for men, and the single for woemen,

and then standing soe they shall leade up towards each other, and then backe againe, and then that person that stands in the middle, be it either man, or woman, shall congee to both that shall be next unto him, first on the right hand, and then on the left, and then all turne halfe round with their faces from each other, and then holding hands shall leade up that way, and backe agayne, then the midle must congee againe first on the left hand and then on the right, and then turne round againe as they stood at first, and then they shall dance their hays, all ways as you may 3: or 4: or 5 times, and then all into you places after you have dancd it as many ways as you can;

Noe fading at all but leade up up againe the same way both forwards and backwards like as before, then three shall take hands, and goe round once, and then backe againe into their places, the other three doeing that like at the same time, and having done it soe all manner of ways like before the hayes, which in three in one company, and three in the other then every man shall return/retire to his place;

Natly       

26. Natly for as many as you please a long dance - Playford: none.

Leade up twice; and set twice, then the two first couple shall leade towards each other once; then back againe, then the first couple shall goe under through the second couple, then the man that was first before, shall turne that woeman, which is first now, and that man, which was second befor shall turne the woeman which is second now, and then goe on to the (next?), until all are in their places;

leade up againe the two first couple, then backe againe, the the first couple shall passe through againe, then the couple that is now uppermost shall leade downwards beyond the second couple, and there breake of, and come round into their places, then the second couple shall leade upwards beyond the first couple, and there breake of, and come round into their places alsoe, then leade up unto the next couple, and soe goe on until all come to their owne places;

Leade up againe, and passe through, then take all hands round backwards, and goe round, soe farre untill that couple, that leade the dance so come lowermost, and then both couple shall sett, and then the couple that leade shall goe on unto the next until all be in their places;

A Helth to Betty       

27. A Helth to Betty (A health to Betty) for as many as you please - Longways — Playford: from 1st edition to 18th edition.

Leade up once then backe agayne, then sett, then the same againe, then the first couple shall side once, then turne round, then the first man shall goe side with the second woeman, and the first woeman shall goe and side with the second man, and then turne round like as before, and soe after that manner goe round, untill all be in their places;

After siding and setting, as before, the first couple shall fall backe, and then, slide a little downwards, and then take hands, and turne round betweene the 2 next couple, and turn round, then fall backe againe, and slide downward as before, and then turne round betweene the next couple; that againe until all come to their places;

Armes all, then all the rest standing still, the first couple shall fall backe, and then come a little towards one another; againe; and then take both hands, and turne round betweene the next couple, not as before, but turne round betweene the next man and woeman; the other chanig{e} was beyound the next couple; and then goe on the same againe, unto the next couple, until all come to their places;

Bobbin Jone       

28. Bobbin Jone (Boobin Jone) the more the merryer a long dance - Playford: from 1st edition to 18th edition.

Leade up twice, and sett twice, then the first man, and second woeman shall sett and fall backe, the second man, and first woeman the like, that first man, and second woeman shall chang places, the afforesad couple the like, and soe goe on the same until all come to their places, this chanige you shall find very perfictly described in the Mayden Fayre;

Sides all, twice, and sett 2: then the first man, and second woeman shall fall backe, and meete and hold right hands, the second man, and first woeman doe the like, ni holding hands acrosse; and then all foure goe round, until the 2nd couple are uppermost, and then lett goe, and each man sett to his woeman, then the same agayne unto every couple, untill all come to their places;

Armes all twice, and sett twice, then the two first couple shall leade up to each other twice, backe again, and then take hands all foure, and goe round like as before, but not take hands a crosse, and having done round soe farre, until the first couple come to stand in the place of the second couple, they shall all quitt hands, and then every man shall turne round his woeman, and so doe the same until all are in their places.

Murry       

29. Murry (Murrye) a round dance only for 8, standing in this posture - Square — Playford: none.

Two couple that stand over agaynst another, shall slide inwards, which is towards each other, and the two other couple shall slide outwards, and then the two couple that slide inwards before shall slide outwards now, and the other inwards, and then turne all round singly; note that at the first having sliden all back into their places, that thay should turne round singly;

Every man shall sett unto his woeman once, and then goe round her, and then set unto the woeman that stands on his left hand, once also, and then goe round her also;

The two couple that did slide inwards at first, shall now dance the haye, the other 2 couple standing still, until, that they 4 shall come all into their places; then they shall stand still, until the other couple, shall doe the same;

They all standing ni their places, they shall goe round apac a kind of hay only of giving of hands, as they goe unto every one, both men and woemen, and when they shall meete with their own again, sthey shall turne quite round both of them together, and meting any other but their owne, they shall turne but halfe round, and soe after this manner, they shall goe round as often as they please, the tune is played akording :4: or 5: goings round;

Jogg On       

30. Jogg on, as many as you please, a long dance - Playford: from 1st edition to 10th edition.

Leade up once, and backe againe, then sett and fall backe, and that over againe, then the first couple shall fall backe, and downe, behind the next couple, and thrust then against one another, and then take hands below, that couple, that was the second before, and turne quite round into the seconds place, where thy stood before, and then goe on after the same manner, until all come to their places;

Good Your Worship       

31. Good Your Worship, for 100 - Longways — Playford: none.

Leade up once, and backe againe, the same againe, then sett, and fall backe, then all shall change places, then all sett againe, and fall backe; and then change all agayne into your places;

The first couple shall take hands, and leade downe into the middle, and there cast of, and turne round, all the rest standing still, then take hands againe, and leade downe to the bottome, and there breake of, and turne round like as before, then sett all, and fall back, and then chanige places as before, then set againe, and fall backe, and then change places, and then all sett againe, and fall backe, and then change, all into your places againe, only that couple that lead the dance shall now be at the bottome, then That same couple, that stoode second before, stands first now, and he shall now leade up like as before, and then fall backe, and crosse just after the same manner as the other did before, and soe that againe, until all shall come into their places;

There is nothing at all but this if you please you may prolong every one his part, like as in leading to the bottome, you may leade down but a little way, and then leade up up againe, and soe fall backe, and change betweene every couple, but note that always part of the tune must be playd againe, beginning where you shall sett, and fall backe, otherwise you cannot come right in your places;

The Fryer and the Nunne       

32. The Fryer and the Nunne (The fryer and the Nun) as many as you please - Longways — Playford: none.

Leade up, backe againe, all that againe, then sett and fall backe, and then every one shall turne round his matte, then the men shall goe upwards, the woemen standing still, and then all the men shall turne singly, then the woemen shall come up, as high as they and then they turne round alsoe, all sett and fall backe, and then every one, turne round his mate againe then all the men shall goe after the sam manner downwards, and there turne round, then the woemen the like, then all sett, and turne round like as before;

The two first men shall fall backe, and then turne round singly, then the woemen shall doe the like, then each of these two men shall chainge places with his owne woeman, and then the two men on the one side, and the two woemen on the other side shall change places, and then they all foure shall change places as they

The dance instructions end here, in the middle of a sentence.